Marconi Eras

Marconi Era

Radio pioneer Guglielmo Marconi competed against Nikola Tesla in the early days of the radio industry. Marconi’s company acquired the farmland here in 1912. His staff built several towers to receive trans-Atlantic wireless messages.

Wall Township’s Camp Evans played a key role in historic events

Wall Township’s Camp Evans played a key role in historic events The Coast Star January 8, 2004, By Fred Carl Page 5, cont. page 25Two historic events that occurred at Camp Evans during January of past years will be remembered at the Wall Township historic site this…

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The Belmar Station Photos on file in the G.H. Clark Collection: Smithsonian Institution

The creator of the Smithsonian ‘Radioanna’ collection, George H. Clark, worked at the Belmar station during his early collection years. These Belmar Station photos of the interior of the operations building are on file at the Smithsonian in the collection.

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This web page was taken from photocopies Mr. William Brahms made from the original book while researching the history of Franklin Township. The New Brunswick Station lies in Franklin Township. The account is a contemporary description of the stations and how they worked as a pair with counterparts in Wales. Thanks to Mr. James Stewart we have pages 294-307 and other parts of the book from the 1917 edition…

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The Armistice Preliminaries Hastened Through Use of Wireless

This article tells of another important major historic event the Marconi Belmar & New Brunswick Stations were a part of… the Armistice negotiations to end WWI on the 11th month, the 11th day, and the 11th hour.

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Weagant’s Anti-Static Invention

April, Weagant’s Anti-Static Invention, Details of a Great Discovery Which Has Revolutionized Long Distance Wireless Communication, Part 1, found in “The Wireless Age”, Pages 11 – 20, by Elmer E. Bucher Describes advances in wireless reception antenna circuits made by Weagant at Marconi’s Aldene factory and the Belmar Station. This advance was kept secret during WWI as it gave the US a communications advantage. Acquired via eBay, on file at Infoage This very technical article describes possibly the most important wireless advance made during WWI. Much of the development work was done by Weagant at the Belmar station, as well as Aldene, NJ, and Miami, Fl. Scientists and engineers such as Dr. Michael Pupin, Ernst Alexanderson, and George H. Clark laud Mr. Weagant’s work.

Protected as a military secret during the war, the invention was disclosed to the press on November 19, 1918.

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The Wireless Operator’s Future

Published in The Wireless Age November 1915 Page 127 – 129 By William A. Winterbottom  IN the early days of wireless, shortly after Mr. Marconi had successfully demonstrated his ability to communicate 30 miles without wires, the call came for wireless operators…

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Marconi’s New Jersey Stations

Thanks to Bernie Ricciardi WB2EJT we have this article from the Marconi Company Publication – Wireless World. The pages 414-418 are the source. Originals can be found at the Marconi Company Archives, and New York Library. Copies are on file at the Ft. Monmouth Command Historian Collection and InfoAge.

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ENGLAND SEIZES RADIO STATIONS Marconi Plants at Towyn, Poldhu, and Carnarvon, Wales, for Use in War.

WWI has begun in Europe. The strategic importance of powerful wireless stations to communicate with any navy ship as far away as 3,000 miles motivated England to take over the new high-powered stations in Wales. This thwarts Marconi’s plans to begin the operation of his chain of stations. In New Jersey, it means the duplex of Belmar and New Brunswick Station are isolated from their European partner stations, Soon Germany would call for censors at the Belmar Station.

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The Belmar Station – August 1914

Page 1 The Belmar Station The illustration at the top of this page shows the operating building located at the water’s edge at Belmar, N.J.   The masts of this gigantic Marconi station which appear in the background, are 300 feet high and aerials carried on them…

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Thanks to Mr. Robert Craig of the New Jersey State Historic Preservation Office who found and sent us this article. Although the article has some inaccuracies, it also has some interesting items. First, the Belmar Station was put into use in July. There were 900 feet between masts and the mast were 405 feet high.

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Published in the Electrical Experimenter in the April 1914 issue on Page 186 It is announced that Sig. Marconi has succeeded in lighting an electric lamp by electricity through the agency of wireless at a distance of six miles. A bulb was attached to a receiver…

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Edward Henderson’s 1912 Belmar Wireless Station Postcard

Black & White Belmar Station photo from across the Shark River was taken April 12, 1914, by Wall / Glendola resident Edward Henderson.  His vantage point was somewhere in the Shark River Hills.  He published the photo below as a postcard Zoom shot from this photo…

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Dr. Kinmouth was the editor of the Asbury Journal, which evolved into the Asbury Park Press. The “balancing line” was held up by 150 towers made of steel angle iron construction. There were three built. The top section of the center tower was saved by Wall Township and relocated and now sits along Marconi road. The others were dismantled. See related story with a photo of tower December 12, 1949, Marconi Wireless Tower Still Serves at Evans. in the Asbury Park Evening Press, by Si Liberman. How do you like the name of his farm…”The Garden of the Gods”.

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A Notable Wireless Advance: Armstrong’s Regenerative Circuit

This is a report David Sarnoff filed after testing Edwin Armstrong’s breakthrough device, the regenerative circuit, at Camp Evans when it was Marconi Belmar Station. This was a major advance in radio/wireless technology. Although the circuit was not invented at Camp Evans this test is spoken of in many oral histories, radio history documentary videos, and books. David Sarnoff would become a vice President in the Marconi Wireless Telegraphy Company of America, then President of RCA, and is considered the driving force behind the development of color TV. Edwin Armstrong would make many more excellent advances in radio, not least of which was the FM system.

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Preparing to Connect the Contents by Wireless

A photo update of the progress in the construction of Marconi’s worldwide wireless network in December 1913

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Transatlantic Wireless Telegraphy

Wireless World November 1913   Pages 474-476 Transatlantic Wireless Telegraphy THE NEW JERSEY STATION GOOD progress is being made with the  Construction of the high-power stations which, when completed, will add enormously to the public facilities for…

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This June 1913 article in the Asbury Park Press is the first definite proof Guglielmo Marconi actually visited his Belmar Station in Wall Township and later enjoyed lunch in Asbury Park.
Local tradition holds that Marconi visited the station a number of times and stayed in a house behind the hotel.

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The Asbury Park Evening Press October 26, 1912 Page 1, Col 4 MAY START WORK ON WIRELESS PLANT BRIELLE,  Oct. 26 —  The erection of the high standards which are to be raised on the tract recently purchased along Shark River by the Marconi Wireless company will…

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A Wireless Girdle Round the Earth By F. M. Sammis

Abstracted from an article by the Chief Engineer of the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Co. of America in Popular Mechanics.

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Around-the-World Wireless

This is this first description of Marconi’s vision of a World Wide Wireless network built on nature’s ether. It includes cost justification and advantages over cable telegraph. Popular Mechanics September 1912, Page 331- 334 AROUND-THE-WORLD WIRELESS By Frederick…

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New Marconi Transatlantic Service from Belmar Plant Will Open June 1, 1913, SECOND STATION PLANNED Will Permit Sending and Receiving Without Interruption—Marconi System for 480 More Ships. Contracts were signed yesterday and checks paid by the Marconi Wireless…

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Guglielmo Marconi unveils plans to girdle the globe with transoceanic wireless stations

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